Common film resolutions and frame rates

Format Resolution Aspect ratio1 Frames per second2
Standard PC resolutions
Quarter VGA 320 x 240 4:3 60 - 120 Hz3
Quarter SVGA 400 x 300 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
VGA 640 x 480 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
SVGA 800 x 600 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
XGA 1024 x 768 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
SXGA 1280 x 1024 5:4 60 - 120 Hz
SXGA+ 1400 x 1050 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
WSXGA+ 1680 x 1050 16:10 60 - 120 Hz
UXGA 1600 x 1200 4:3 60 - 120 Hz
WUXGA 1920×1200 16:10 60 - 120 Hz
DVDs and Video-CDs
DVD PAL 720(704) x 576 4:34 255 or 50i6
DVD PAL anamorphic widescreen 720(704) x 576 16:94 25 or 50i
DVD NTSC7 720(704) x 480 4:34 248, 30 or 60i
DVD NTSC anamorphic widescreen 720(704) x 480 16:94 24, 30 or 60i
SVCD 352 x 480 4:34 24, 30 or 60i
VCD PAL 352 x 288 4:34 25 or 50i
VCD NTSC 352 x 240 4:34 24, 30 or 60i
High Definition Television
HTDV 720 1280 x 720 16:9 24, 25, 30, 50, 60, 50i or 60i
HTDV 1080 1920 x 1080 16:9 24, 25, 30, 50, 60, 50i or 60i
Digital Cinema Initiative
DCI 2k 2048 x 1080 1.869:1 24 or 48
DCI 4k 4096 x 2160 1.869:1 24
MPEG-1 compatible9 16:9 resolutions
small 384 x 216 16:9 24, 25, 30 or 60
medium 512 x 288 16:9 24, 25, 30 or 60
large 768 x 432 16:9 24, 25, 30 or 60
x-large 1024 x 576 16:9 24, 25, 30 or 60

1 Widescreen films filmed with anamorphic lenses (e.g. Panavision) with a typical aspect ratio of 2.35:1 are letterboxed (i.e. black borders are added above and below the picture) when converted to any of the following formats. Sometimes the images are also cropped on the left and right sides.

2 The most commonly used framerates for computer animations are 24, 25 and 30 frames per second.

3 Refresh rate.

4 Pixels are not square.

5 To transform a 24 fps film to PAL, an additional field (see footnote 6) is inserted every 12 frames, resulting in a rate of 50 fields per second (50i), or the film is simply played back at 25 fps.

6 The i in e.g. 50i stands for interlaced. Each frame is split into two fields: The odd field only contains the odd scanlines, the even field only the even scanlines. Non-interlaced (aka progressive) formats are sometimes suffixed with a p (e.g. 60p).

7 For color NTSC, multiply the framerates with 1000/1001 - the real rates are approx. 23.97 or 29.97.

8 NTSC can playback movies recorded with 24 fps by applying a process called telecine: The frames are alternatingly held for 2 or 3 fields respectiely, resulting in a rate of 60 fields per second (60i).

9 MPEG-1 requeries the horizontal and vertical resolutions to be a factor of 8.

 
  docs/formats.txt · Last modified: 2006/05/28 11:55 by 62.47.153.244 (sascha)